Cherry health and nutritional benefits, varieties of cherry, facts about cherries, cherry effects. Improve your health while improving your knowledge about cherries; with cherry fruits facts, nutritional content and its benefits.
Cherry is a small fruit usually red, black or yellow, with a smooth hard seed and a short hard stem. By flavour, Cherries are “sweet” or “sour”; source of vitamins (A and C), also, contain phytochemicals.
Cherry namesFamily: Rosaceae
Scientific name: Prunus avium
Common name: cherry, sweet cherry
French name: cerise
German name: Kirsche
Italian name: ciliegia
Portuguese name: cereja
Russian: (sweet cherry) чере́шня
Spanish: cereza, guinda
Cherry fruits are round with a depression at the stem. They are a fourth to an inch in diameter and have a smooth, thin skin that adheres to the fleshy pulp. The colour of the skin, as well as the pulp, can range from yellow to red to near black, depending on the variety. Each fruit has a hard seed at its center which is to be removed before eating or cooking.
While sweet cherries are golden with a slight touch of red, sour cherries are smaller, softer, and more globular. However, there are hybrids of sweet and sour cherries which is the Duke Cherries. Duke cherries are of a likely sweet cherries' shape and colour while its flavour, rigidity and tartness is of sour cherries.
- Black Tartarian
- May Duke
- Kansas Sweet
- Emperor Francis
- Utah Giant
- Late Duke
- English Moreno
Health Benefits of Cherry
Cherry fruits are believed to be of tremendous economic and health value to us. Most importantly, sour cherries are a good source of vitamin C and vitamin A (carotene), fibre, including potassium, calcium, and folic acid. Also, Cherry contain terpenes, phytochemicals that may help prevent cancer.
Nutrition is important to all of us. What we eat has a profound effect on our health and our enjoyment of life. Below are benefits of cherry fruits:
Cherries helps form and maintain healthy teeth, skeletal and soft tissue, mucus membranes, and skin. It also produces the pigments in the retina of the eye acting as a retinol via vitamin C.
#1. Lowers high blood pressure risk
Eating foods rich in vitamin C is important for your overall health, especially if you are at risk for high blood pressure. Studies suggest that people who eat foods rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C, have a lower risk of high blood pressure than people who have poorer diets. Meanwhile, cherries are good source of vitamin C.
#2. Protect arteries against damage
Reasonable consumption of cherries can slow down the progression of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). It perhaps helps prevent damage to LDL ("bad") cholesterol, which then builds up as plaque in the arteries and can cause heart attack or stroke. Cherry may help keep arteries flexible. Cherry also stimulate synthesis of Type IV collagen, which has important filtration characteristics in the kidney, the blood-brain barrier, and the arterial lining .
#3. Good bone catalyst
Cherry fruit helps in the formation and maintenance of quality, high-density bone material. It promotes assimilation of calcium into the bone, protects against leaching of calcium out of the bones, and as a powerful antioxidant, it fights the oxidative stress that works against assimilation.
#4. Cancer preventive
Food sources of carotenoids such as beta-carotene may reduce the risk for cancer, most studies opined. Though, beta-carotene supplements do not seem to reduce cancer risk. Furthermore, cherry contain many beneficial nutrients and antioxidants, there has been a fair amount of research over the years into cherries being rich in beta carotene, vitamin C, anthocyanins and quercetin, which may synergistically fight cancer. It may prevent genetic mutations that can lead to cancer and keep cancer cells from growing out of control. The riper the better: as cherries darken, they produce more antioxidants.
#5. Reduce risk of cold
Taking cherry fruits regularly (not just at the beginning of a cold) produces only a small reduction in the duration of a cold (about 1 day). In these studies, vitamin C did seem to reduce the risk of getting a cold.
#6. Reduce inflammation
Cherry contain many beneficial nutrients and antioxidants known as anthocyanins and cyanidin which may have anti-inflammatory effects and initial research has shown that these antioxidants could be beneficial in inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.
#7. For better sleep
Some researches have made it known that reasonable consumption of cherries effect to better sleep. Cherries are one of nature’s few sources of melatonin, a hormone that lowers body temperature, making us sleepy.
#8. Rapid healing of wounds
There are mixed takes on whether taking cherries speed up recovery and heals. However, a fair amount of researches established it that consumption of Cherry fruits regularly minimise pains. Researchers believe that cherries’ antioxidants protect against attacks by exercise-induced free radicals, which can lead to painful inflammation. Nevertheless, it also helps protect the skin by promoting the production and migration of fibroblasts that support normal wound healing.
#9. Better visual acuity
Cherries as a source of vitamin A helps in improving vision for those with uveitis (an inflammation of the middle part of the eye). It promotes good vision, especially in low light. It may also be needed for reproduction and breastfeeding.
Cherries are also good for:
- Boosting immunity
- Maintaining healthy gums
- Treating allergy-related conditions, such as asthma, eczema, and hay fever (called allergic rhinitis)
- Reducing effects of sun exposure, such as sunburn or redness (called erythema)
- Lower risk of stroke
- Reduce belly fat
- Alleviating dry mouth, particularly from antidepressant medications
- Decreasing blood sugar in people with diabetes
Top "Cherry" Facts
- Cherry fruits are believed to have originated in northeastern Asia, named after the Turkish town of Cesarus.
- Cherry fruits were first cultivated in Cesarus in Turkey.
- Sour cherries are higher in vitamin C and vitamin A (carotene) than the sweet varieties. They also contain terpenes, phytochemicals that may help prevent cancer.
- The riper the better: as cherries darken, they produce more antioxidants. The more intense the colour of a fruit or vegetable, the higher the beta-carotene content. Vegetable sources of beta-carotene are fat- and cholesterol-free. The absorption will be improved if these sources are consumed with a fat.
- Cherry is the name given to someone connected with AFC Bournemouth, as a fan, player, coach etc.
- Cherry trees provide a spectacular display of white or pink blossoms in spring, and some varieties are grown purely for their ornamental value.
- Cherry is a female given name, a pet form of Charity, also interpreted as a flower name.
- Anything of a bright red colour; something in excellent condition; mint condition are also regarded as Cherry.
- In cricket, the word Cherry means a cricket ball.
Meanwhile, when selecting cherry fruits, it is quiet advisable to choose the shiny firm ones. The soft or shriveled fruits with darkened stems are a sign of old or poor storage conditions.