Topify Exclusive List of points on Alcohol. What's your level of knowledge about alcohol? Topify present TOP FACTS ABOUT ALCOHOL and its state of addiction.
Alcoholism, an addiction to heavy and frequent alcohol consumption, is a major public health issue. Although, many believe that this condition does not attract attention that it merits from either the public or the health professions. Anyway it is, Alcoholism is a multifaceted problem that cannot be solved by any single approach. The “consumption control approach” is a worthwhile endeavor with proven efficacy, but consumption control efforts by themselves are not sufficient. Prevention of alcohol misuse before it occurs also can be beneficial.
However, let's delve into some facts and know-about of alcohol and alcoholism.
28 Top Alcohol Facts
- The word “alcohol” is derived from the Arabic word al kuhul, meaning ‘essence’.
- Alcohol needs no digestion and is absorbed quickly. The presence of food in the stomach delays emptying, slowing absorption that occurs mainly in the upper small intestine.
- Only 2 to 10 percent of absorbed ethanol is eliminated through the kidneys and lungs; the rest is metabolized, principally in the liver.
- Hepatocytes are the primary cells that oxidize alcohol at significant rates and this hepatic specificity for ethanol oxidation, coupled with ethanol’s high energy content and the lack of effective feedback control of alcohol hepatic metabolism, results in the displacement of up to 90 percent of the liver’s normal metabolic substrates.
- Research have it that the favorite mood-altering drug in the United States, as in almost every human society, continues to be alcohol.
- Only alcohol along with nicotine are legally available drug of abuse and dependence.
- Alcoholic beverages have been revered, more than any other substance, as mystical and medicinal agents. And perhaps, now recognize it as a drug with distinct pharmacological effects.
- To a chemist an alcohol is any of an entire class of organic compounds containing a hydroxyl (OH) group or groups. The first member of its class, methyl alcohol or methanol, is used commercially as a solvent.
- Isopropyl alcohol, also known as rubbing alcohol, serves as a drying agent and disinfectant. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol shares these functions but differs from other alcohols in also being suitable as a beverage ingredient and intoxicant. Ethanol also differs from other alcohols in being a palatable source of energy and euphoria.
- Making alcoholic beverages dates back at least eight thousand years; for example, beer was made from cereal mashes in Mesopotamia in 6000 B.C.E.and wine in Egypt in 3700 B.C.E.
- Ethyl alcohol is actually a by-product of yeast metabolism.
- Pure alcohol is a colourless, somewhat volatile liquid with a harsh, burning taste, which is used widely as a fuel or as a solvent for various fats, oils, and resins.
- Alcohol is rich in energy (29 kJ/g, or 7.1 kcal/g). It is assumed that, because of its low boiling point, alcohol is evaporated from foods during cooking.
- Alcoholism is a major cause of malnutrition. Chronic alcohol abuse causes primary malnutrition by displacing other dietary nutrients.
- Alcohol interferes with central mechanisms that regulate food intake and causes food intake decreases.
- Alcohol is rich in energy (7.1 kcal/g) as earlier mentioned, and like pure sugar most alcoholic beverages are relatively empty of nutrients.
- Facts has it that, increasing amounts of alcohol ingested lead to the consumption of decreasing amounts of other foods, making the nutrient content of the diet inadequate, even if total energy intake is sufficient.
- Gastrointestinal and liver complications associated with alcoholism also interfere with digestion, absorption, metabolism, and activation of nutrients, and thereby cause secondary malnutrition.
- Alcohol is said to reduce tension, fatigue, anxiety, and pressure and to increase feelings associated with relaxation.
- Drinking alcohol in moderation is reportedly said to lower the risk of coronary heart disease (mainly among men over 45 and women over age 55).
- Moderate alcohol consumption provides no health benefit for younger people, and in fact may increase risks to alcohol’s ill effects because the potential for alcohol abuse increases when drinking starts at an early age.
- Alcohol increases the risk of alimentary, respiratory tract, and breast cancers.
- Also causes liver disease. Alcohol can result in fatty liver, hepatitis, and cirrhosis.
- Central nervous system disorders. Alcohol causes premature aging of the brain. Blackouts may occur.
- Alcohol increases risk of esophageal varices, gastritis, and pancreatitis.
- Alcohol increases nutritional deficiencies (primary and secondary), and adversely affects absorption and utilization of vitamins. It impairs the intestinal absorption of B vitamins, notably thiamin, folate, and vitamin B 12. Wernicke’s encephalopathy also may occur.
- Alcohol decreases immunity to infections and impairs healing of injuries.
- Alcohol causes personality changes, sexual frigidity or impotency, sleep disturbances, and depression.