Difference between data and information

Difference between data and information will be vividly discuss here. The highlight of each word's meaning, similarity and difference between data and information.

Difference between data and information

Before we delve into the comparison and finding out the differences between data and information, let's first and foremost understand their respective meaning.

What is data?

Data is a recorded observations that are usually presented in a structured format.

Data is a representation of facts or ideas in a formalized manner capable of being communicated or manipulated by some process.

Data is raw, unorganized facts that need to be processed. Data can be something simple and seemingly random and useless until it is organized.

What is information?

As contrasted with data, information is processed to extract relevant data.

Information is any unambiguous abstract data, the smallest possible unit being the bit. 

Information is the meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in its representation

Things that are or can be known about a given topic; communicable knowledge of something. 

When data is processed, organized, structured or presented in a given context so as to make it useful, it is called information.

Difference between data and information

There is a subtle difference between data and information. Data are the facts or details from which information is derived. Individual pieces of data are rarely useful alone. For data to become information, data needs to be put into context.
  • Data is a recorded observation about a subject while information is the meaning attached or assigned to the recorded observation at the end of the day.
  • Data is a first hand details gathered while information is the bye-product of the details after going through a series of events.
  • Data is the raw fact while information is the processed fact.
Data is the factual figures recorded but information is announce its message. Data does not really have meaning but information do with the result of data.

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