Botanical Names of Crops A - Z

The scientific or botanical name for crops, fruits, flowers, as with all plants, is made up of two words. The first names the group or the “genus” and the second describes a single individual plant within the group, or a “species.” Hi big doolie, thanks for joining us to learn the compendium list of Botanical Names of about 280 Crops.

Thanks to nature that bring forth the crops, thanks to scientists who had painstakingly addressed each crops with a distinctive name; not only crop but also plants, trees, flowers, animals, and perhaps living organisms. Nevertheless, this list will be treating the scientific names of crops while we endeavour to address that of plants, animals, and others in other article.

Without much making a vain-glorious effort writing what is not, let's go to the real deal: Botanical Names of Crops: 280 Crops including Fruits Sample

Botanical Names of Crops

Crop nameBotanical name
Abaca (Manila hemp)Musa textilis
Alfalfa Medicago sativa
Almond Prunus dulcis
Anise seeds Pimpinella anisum
Apple Malus sylvestris
Apricot Prunus armeniaca
Areca (betel nut) Areca catechu
Arracha Arracacia xanthorrhiza
Arrowroot Maranta arundinacea
Artichoke Cynara scolymus
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis
Avocado Persea americana
Bajra (Pearl millet) Pennisetum americanum
Bambara groundnut Vigna subterranea
Banana Musa paradisiaca
Barley Hordeum vulgare
Beans, dry, edible, for grains Phaseolus vulgaris
Beans, harvested green Phaseolus and Vigna spp.
Beet Beta vulgaris
Bergamot Citrus bergamia
Betel nut Areca catechu
Black pepper Piper nigrum
Black wattle Acacia mearnsii
BlackberriesRubus spp.
Blueberry Vaccinium spp.
Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa
BreadfruitArtocarpus altilis
Broad beanVicia faba
Broccoli Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brussels sprouts Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum
Cabbage (red, white, Savoy) Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Cabbage, Chinese Brassica chinensis
Cabbage, for fodder Brassica spp.
Cacao (cocoa) Theobroma cacao
Cantaloupe Cucumis melo
Caraway seeds Carum carvi
Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum
Cardoon Cynara cardunculus
Carob Ceratonia siliqua
Carrot Daucus carota ssp. sativa
Cashew nuts Anacardium occidentale
Cassava (manioc) Manihot esculenta
Castor bean Ricinus communis
Cauliflower Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Celeriac Apium graveolens var. rapaceum
Celery Apium graveolens
Chayote Sechium edule
Cherry (all varieties) Prunus spp.
Chestnut Castanea sativa
Chickpea (gram pea) Cicer arietinum
Chicory Cichorium intybus
Chili Capsicum spp. (annuum)
Cinnamon Cinnamomum verum
Citron Citrus medica
Citronella Cymbopogon citrates/Cymbopogon nardus
Clementine Citrus reticulata
Clover Trifolium spp.
Cocoa (cacao) Theobroma cacao
Coconut Cocos nucifera
Cocoyam Colocasia esculenta
Coffee Coffea spp.
Cola nut (all varieties) Cola acuminata
Colza (rapeseed) Brassica napus
Cotton (all varieties) Gossypium spp.
Cottonseed (all varieties) Gossypium spp.
Cowpea Vigna unguiculata
Cranberry Vaccinium spp.
Cress Lepidium sativum
Cucumber Cucumis sativus
Currants (all varieties) Ribes spp.
Custard apple Annona reticulate
Dasheen Colocasia esculenta
Dates Phoenix dactylifera
Drumstick tree Moringa oleifera
Durra (sorghum) Sorghum bicolour
Durum wheat Triticum durum
Earth pea Vigna subterranea
Edo (eddoe) Xanthosoma spp.; Colocasia spp.
Eggplant Solanum melongena
Endive Cichorium endivia
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare
Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
Fig Ficus carica
Filbert (Hazelnut) Corylus avellana
Fique Furcraea macrophylla
FlaxLinum usitatissimum
Formio (New Zealand flax) Phormium tenax
Garlic Allium sativum
Geranium Pelargonium spp.; Geranium spp.
Ginger Zingiber officinale
Gooseberry (all varieties) Ribes spp.
Gourd Lagenaria spp; Cucurbita spp.
Gram pea (chickpea) Cicer arietinum
Grape Vitis vinifera
Grapefruit Citrus paradisi
Grass esparto Lygeum spartum
Grass, orchard Dactylis glomerata
Groundnut (peanut) Arachis hypogaea
Guava Psidium guajava
Guinea corn (sorghum) Sorghum bicolor
Hazelnut (filbert) Corylus avellana
Hemp fibre Cannabis sativa ssp. indica
Hemp, Manila (abaca) Musa textilis
Hemp, sun Crotalaria juncea
Hempseed Cannabis sativa (marijuana)
Henequen Agave fourcroydes
Henna Lawsonia inermis
Hop Humulus lupulus
Horse bean Vicia faba
Horseradish Armoracia rusticana
Hybrid maize Zea mays
Indigo Indigofera tinctoria
Jasmine Jasminum spp.
Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus
Jowar (sorghum) Sorghum bicolor
Jute Corchorus spp. (over 30 sp.)
Kale Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Kapok Ceiba pentandra
Kenaf Hibiscus cannabinus
Kohlrabi Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes
Lavender Lavandula spp. (over 15 sp.)
Leek Allium ampeloprasum; Allium porrum
Lemon Citrus limon
Lemon grass Cymbopogon citratus
Lentil Lens culinaris
Lespedeza (all varieties) Lespedeza spp.
Lettuce Lactuca sativa var. capitata
Lime, sour Citrus aurantifolia
Lime, sweet Citrus limetta
Linseed (flax for oil seed) Linum usitatissimum
Liquorice Glycyrrhiza glabra
Litchi Litchi chinensis
Loquat Eriobotrya japonica
Lupine (all varieties) Lupinus spp.
Macadamia (Queensland nut) Macadamia spp. ternifolia
Mace Myristica fragrans
Maguey Agave atrovirens
Maize (corn) Zea mays
Mangel (fodder beet) Beta vulgaris
Mango Mangifera indica
Manioc (cassava) Manihot esculenta
Medlar Mespilus germanica
Melon (except watermelon) Cucumis melo
Millet broom Sorghum bicolor
Millet, bajra Pennisetum americanum
Millet, bulrush Pennisetum americanum
Millet, finger Eleusine coracana
Millet, foxtail Setaria italica
Millet, Japanese Echinochloa esculenta
Millet, pearl (bajra, bulrush) Pennisetum americanum
Millet, proso Panicum miliaceum
Mint (all varieties) Mentha spp.
Mulberry for fruit (all varieties) Morus spp.
Mulberry for silkworms Morus alba
Mushrooms Agaricus spp.; Pleurotus spp.; Volvariella
Mustard Brassica nigra; Sinapis alba
Nectarine Prunus persica var. nectarina
New Zealand flax (formio) Phormium tenax
Niger seed Guizotia abyssinica
Nutmeg Myristica fragrans
Oats Avena spp.
Oil palm Elaeis guineensis
Okra Abelmoschus esculentus
Olive Olea europaea
Onion Allium cepa
Opium Papaver somniferum
Orange Citrus sinensis
Orange, bitter Citrus aurantium
Palm palmyra Borassus flabellifer
Palm, kernel oil Elaeis guineensis
Palm, oil Elaeis guineensis
Palm, sago Metroxylon sagu
Papaya (pawpaw) Carica papaya
Parsnip Pastinaca sativa
Pea Pisum sativum
Peach Prunus persica
Peanut (groundnut) Arachis hypogaea
Pear Pyrus communis
Pecan nut Carya illinoensis
Pepper, black Piper nigrum
Pepper, dry Capsicum spp. (over 30 sp.)
Persimmon Diospyros kaki; Diospyros virginiana
Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan
Pineapple Ananas comosus
Pistachio nut Pistacia vera
Plantain Musa sapientum
Plum Prunus domestica
Pomegranate Punica granatum
Pomelo Citrus grandis
Poppy seed Papaver somniferum
Potato Solamum tuberosum
Potato, sweet Ipomoea batatas
Prune Prunus domestica
Pumpkins Cucurbita spp.
Pyrethum Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium
Quebracho Aspidosperma spp. (more than 3 sp.)
Queensland nut See Macadamia
Quince Cydonia oblonga
Quinine Cinchona spp. (more than 6 sp.)
Quinoa Chenopodium quinoa
Radish Raphanus sativus (inc. Cochlearia armoracia)
Ramie Boehmeria nivea
Rapeseed (colza) Brassica napus
Raspberry (all varieties) Rubus spp. (over 360 sp.)
Red beet Beta vulgaris
Redtop Agrostis spp.
Rhea Boehmeria nivea
Rhubarb Rheum spp.
Rice Oryza sativa; Oryza glaberrima
Rose Rose spp.
Rubber Hevea brasiliensis
Rutabaga (swede) Brassica napus var. napobrassica
Rye Secale cereale
Ryegrass seed Lolium spp. (about 20 sp.)
Safflower Carthamus tinctorius
Sainfoin Onobrychis viciifolia
Salsify Tragopogon porrifolius
Sapodilla Achras sapota
Satsuma (mandarin/tangerine) Citrus reticulata
Scorzonera – black salsify Scorzonera hispanica
Sesame Sesamum indicum
Shea butter (nut) Vitellaria paradoxa
Sisal Agave sisalana
Sorghum Sorghum bicolor
Soybean Glycine max
Spelt wheat Triticum spelta
Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Squash Cucurbita spp. (over 25 sp.)
Strawberry Fragaria spp. (over 30 sp.)
Sugar beet Beta vulgaris
Sugarcane Saccharum officinarum
SunflowerHelianthus annuus
SunhempCrotalaria juncea
Sweet limeCitrus limetta
Sweet pepperCapsicum annuum
Sweet potatoLopmoea batatas
Sweet sorghumSorghum bicolor
TangerineCitrus reticulata
TanniaXanthosoma sagittifolium
Tapioca (cassava) Manihot esculenta
Taro Colocasia esculenta
Tea Camellia sinensis
Tef Eragrostis abyssinica
Timothy Phleum pratense
Tobacco Nicotiana tabacum
Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum
Trefoil Lotus spp. (about 100 sp.)
Tung tree Aleurites spp.; Fordii
TurnipBrassica rapa
Urena (Congo jute) Urena lobata
Vanilla Vanilla planifolia
VetchVicia sativa
Walnut Juglans spp. (over 20 sp.), ep. regia
Watermelon Citrullus lanatus
Wheat Triticum aestivum
YamDioscorea spp. (over 120 sp.)
Yerba mateIlex paraguariensis

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